Mandate and the region
The Kativik Environmental Advisory Committee (KEAC) was created pursuant to Section 23 of the James Bay and Northern Québec Agreement (JBNQA). Governed by the Environment Quality Act (CQLR, c. Q-2) and the James Bay and Northern Québec Native Claims Settlement Act (S.C. 1976-1979, c. 32), it is a consultative body to responsible governments in matters relating to environmental and social protection in Nunavik. It is therefore the preferential and official forum for the Government of Canada, the Government of Québec, the Kativik Regional Government and the northern villages.
The KEAC’s mandate is to:
- Act as a consultative body to responsible governments for legislation and regulations relating to the environmental and social protection regime, and the administration and management of the regime.
- Make recommendations concerning legislation, regulations and other measures related to environmental and social protection.
- Examine environmental and social impact assessment and review mechanisms and procedures.
- Study major issues relating to the implementation of the environmental and social protection regime as well as the land use regime.
- Serve as a link for the residents of Nunavik and provide support to local and regional authorities through the preparation of briefs and the delivery of technical assistance.
All KEAC decisions and recommendations are communicated to the Government of Canada, the Government of Québec, as well as the regional and local governments concerned, for information purposes and appropriate action.
Covering close to 500,000 km2, Nunavik is the territory of Québec north of the 55th parallel. The region consists of 14 communities with a total population of roughly 12,000. Kuujjuaq is the largest community (with more than 2,300 residents) and Aupaluk the smallest (with slightly less than 200 residents). Inuit make up not less than 90% of the population. There are no road links between the region’s communities or with southern Québec. Air transportation is therefore essential.